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SAT寫作中的語法知識

2018-12-18 09:42:31 來源:新東方在線

  新東方在線SAT頻道為大家帶來SAT寫作中的語法知識一文,希望對大家SAT備考有所幫助。更多精彩盡請關注新東方在線SAT頻道!

  1、強調賓語的時候,再用被動語態

  雖然長難句能夠表明寫作水平,但是清晰明了的表達才是關鍵。例如:

  In the fall, not only did the cows have to be milked, but also the hay was mowed and stacked by my grandfather"s family.

  本句不夠簡潔的原因是本句的重心應該是“忙碌的家庭-my grandfather"s family”,而使用了被動語態后,仿佛重心變成了cows和hay。下面的表達方式是主動語態,相對來說更簡潔一些:

  In the fall, my grandfather"s family not only milked the cow but also mowed and stacked the hay.

  2、 一個句子的主語和謂語動詞應該能夠反映句子中的最重要的意思。

  例如:

  The situation that resulted in my grandfather"s not being able to study engineering was that his father needed help on the farm.

  從意思上來分析,上面這句話需要表達的重要的概念是“grandfather"s not being able to study”,而在表達這個概念時,原句用的主語是situation,謂語動詞是was,不能強調需要表達的重點概念,可以改為下面這句話:

  My grandfather couldn"t study engineering because his father needed help on the farm.

  就SAT寫作經驗而言,同學們要記住并不是越復雜的語法結構就能夠拿到高分,除非您能夠在SAT寫作學習中完全掌握這類句型,否則很容易畫虎不成反類犬,SAT寫作與高分無緣了。

  3. 避免頻繁使用“there be”結構。

  例如下面的句子:

  There were 25 cows on the farm that my grandfather had to milk every day. It was hard work for my grandfather.

  可以改為:

  My grandfather worked hard. He had to milk 25 cows on the farm every day.

  更簡潔的句式為:

  My grandfather worked hard milking 25 cows daily.

  4. 把從句改為短語或單詞。

  例如:

  Dairy cows were raised on the farm,which was located100 kilometers from the nearest university and was in an area that was remote.

  簡介的表達方式為:

  The dairy farm was located in a remote area, 100 kilometers tothe nearest university.

  5. 用更為精確的一個動詞來代替動詞短語。

  例如下面這句話:

  My grandfather didn"t have time to stand around doing nothing with his school friends.

  Stand around doing nothing其實可以用一個動詞來表達,即loiter:

  My grandfather didn"t have time to loiter with his school friends.

  6. 有時兩句話的信息經過組合完全可以用一句話來簡練地表達。

  例如:

  Profits from the farm were not large. Sometimes they were too small to meet the expenses of running a farm. They were not sufficient to pay for a university degree.

  兩句話的信息可以合并為下面這句更為簡潔的句子:

  Profits from the farm were sometimes too small to meet operational expenses, let alone pay for a university degree.

  以上就為大家整理的“SAT寫作中的語法知識”,更多精彩內容,請關注新東方在線SAT頻道。


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