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標準的SAT語法題解題順序

2018-12-18 19:06:00 來源:新東方在線

  新東方在線SAT頻道為大家帶來“標準的SAT語法題解題順序”一文,希望對大家SAT備考有所幫助。更多精彩盡請關注新東方在線SAT頻道!

  1.抓住明顯錯誤進行排除

  首先大家需要尋找劃線部分是否有明顯的語法錯誤或邏輯錯誤,有的話馬上排除,再縱向尋找答案,把選項中沒有改正這些錯誤的都給排除掉。

  例:The benefits of exercise is as psychologicalas physical.

  (A) is as psychological as physical

  (B) are more than psychological, they’re physical

  (C) are as much psychological as physical

  (D) have psychological aspects as well as the physical ones

  (E) is psychological in parts and physical as well

  我們可以看出這道題目的主語是benefits是復數,所以謂語動詞也應該用復數,但這里謂語動詞是單數,所以馬上把A排除掉,縱向尋找答案,發現E沒有改正錯誤,D選項錯誤的換了時態,所以都錯了。比較B和C選項,B選項的意思不對而且顯得比較多余累贅,所以答案選C.

  2. 利用常考考點作為切入點

  有時大家如果把一些常考考點給記住的話,就可以大大提高解題的速度。比如在SAT語法當中,劃線部分經常出現的錯誤就是代詞指代不清和限定性從句的引導詞指代混亂。因此如果劃線部分出現了這兩類詞的話,在未發現明顯錯誤的時候,我們就應該以這兩類詞為切入點,通過確認其真實指代對象和語法指代對象是否一致來排除錯誤選項。

  例:The automobile, popularized by Henry Ford, was invented around the same time as theWright brothers developed the airplane, and it is an important method of transportation.

  (A) The automobile, popularized by Henry Ford, was invented around the same time as theWright brothers developed the airplane, and it

  (B) The automobile, popularized by Henry Ford, was invented around the same time as theWright brothers developed the airplane, and

  (C) Invented around the same time were the automobile, popularized by Henry Ford andthe airplane, which the Wright brothers developed, and it

  (D) The automobile popularized by Henry Ford. Was inverted around the same time as theWright brothers developed the airplane and this is why it

  (E) An invention around the same time as the Wright brothers developed the airplane, theautomobile, popularized by Henry Ford, it

  我們一起來分析一下這道題目,題干說由HF所推廣的汽車,與W兄弟所發明的飛機差不多在同一時間,它是一種重要的交通方法。大家發現劃線部分的最后一個詞it就犯了模棱兩可的錯誤,它既可以指代汽車,又可以指代飛機,所以A錯,同樣C, D, E也都有it,所以也不對。答案應該選擇B選項,把it給去掉了,這樣就避免了指代不明的錯誤。

  3. 利用對稱性解題

  與漢語一樣,英語在行文上也講究對稱性,而這一點在比較結構和平行結構中非常常見,即要求盡可能在語法功能上和形式結構上表達一致。因此大家可以通過未劃線部分中的表達形式和語法功能來確定劃線部分中與之相對應部分的語法功能及表達形式,馬上排除錯誤選項。

  例:Just as Ludwig van Beethoven composed scores of lasting musical works and theBronte sisters wrote many enduring novels. so too did Vincent van Gogh paint numeroustimeless masterpieces.

  (A) so too did Vincent van Gogh paint numerous timeless masterpieces.

  (B) Vincent van Gogh paints timeless masterpieces. and lots of them

  (C) Vincent van Gogh’s bequest was to paint timeless masterpieces

  (D) and to van Gogh then. were numerous masterpieces painted

  (E) also like them van Gogh painted numerous timeless masterpieces

  這兒明顯有固定搭配的對稱:Just as…so too…,意思是正如…也…,四個選項中只有A選項有平行對稱的so too,所以答案選A.

  4. 對比選項,從選項中尋找答案

  有時比較完了選項后,很難從已給信息中找出答案,這時我們可以比較剩下的選項,由選項中的不同來尋找答案。

  例:In the eighteenth century, politics was thought to be an improper sphere for women, whose boycott of English goods was different than any protest the English had seen before.

  (A) whose boycott of English goods was different than any protest the English had seenbefore

  (B) whose boycotting English goods was different than any protest the English had seenbefore

  (C) whose boycott of English goods was different from any protest the English had seenbefore

  (D) whose boycott of English goods was different from any protest the English saw before

  (E) whose boycotting of English goods was different from any protest the English haveseen before

  我們知道固定搭配應該是be different from, 而不是be different than , 所以馬上把A和B排除掉。下一步就應該來對比剩下的三個選項,C和D用了名詞boycott,而E選項用了動名詞boycotting,在SAT語法當中有一條非常重要的原則,即名詞要優先于動名詞,比方說同時出現了名詞和動名詞,就應該優先備選名詞的選項。所以E錯。再把C和D進行比較,C用了過去完成時,D用了過去時,由題意應該是發生在18世紀以前,所以應該用過去完成時,所以答案選C.

  5.找一個最佳的選項成為答案

  在解題的最后有時候可能會發現五個選項都不是非常完美,那么這時你就應該選擇相對來說錯誤最少最為輕微的選項成為答案。

  例:In exploring the rich variety of African artworks. the reason why one will note thatcertain patterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is nearly found in all worldcivilizations throughout most of history.

  (A) In exploring the rich variety of African artworks. the reason why one will note thatcertain patterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is because this phenomenon ofpattern repetition is nearly found in all world civilizations throughout most of history. (B)Inexploring the rich variety of African artworks. the reason why one will note that certainpatterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is because this phenomenon is found innearly all world civilizations throughout most of history.

  (C)When you explore the rich variety of African artworks. the reason one will note thatcertain patterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is because this phenomenon ofpattern repetition is found in nearly all world civilizations throughout most of history.

  (D) When one explores the rich variety of African artworks. the reason one will note thatcertain patterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is because this phenomenon ofpattern repetition is found in nearly all world civilizations throughout most of history.

  (E) In exploring the rich variety of African artworks. the reason one will note that certainpatterns of meaning and usage occur again and again is because found in nearly all worldcivilizations throughout history is this phenomenon of pattern repetition.

  這道題目有些難度。這句話的意思是說在探索非洲藝術作品的富裕度時,人們將會注意到特殊模式的意思和習慣表達一再發生的原因是因為這種模式重復的現象能在幾乎所有世界文明中找到。

  當大家具備了一定的SAT語法基礎后就可以看出來原文有兩個錯誤。首先嚴格意義上,英語語法中規定reason和because是不能夠連用的,其次在劃線部分里有一處表達不夠正確,即this phenomenon ofpattern repetition is nearly found in all world civilizations,它所表達的意思應該是這種模式重復的現象能在幾乎所有世界文明中找到,但劃線部分的意思變成了這種模式重復的現象幾乎被找到了在所有世界文明中。所以nearly的放置位置不對。這樣我們就可以縱向來尋找答案。看完五個選項后大家可以發現沒有一個選項改正了reason和because不能夠連用的這個錯誤,所以這個錯誤只能放著。再看其他選項,B, C, D, E把nearly的放置位置這個錯誤都給改正了,但是C和D引入了兩個新的錯誤,即one和you 不能同時出現,在SAT語法當中這種情況是不允許發生的,所以C和D都錯了。再來對比B和E選項,我們可以發現E中用了被動,found in nearly all world civilizations throughout history is this phenomenon of patternrepetition,使得句子結構不夠清楚明了,所以答案選B。雖然說B還有reason和because不能夠連用的這個錯誤,但它卻是五個選項當中最佳的一個選項。因此我們講是找五個選項中找一個最佳的選項成為答案,而不是找一個完全正確的選項。

  以上就為大家整理的“標準的SAT語法題解題順序”,更多精彩內容,請關注新東方在線SAT頻道。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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