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2018年12月英語六級翻譯逐句解析

2018-12-20 14:29:34 來源:新東方在線

2018年12月英語六級真題及答案大匯總
題型

  Part IV Translation (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer sheet 2.

  中國越來越重視公共圖書館,并鼓勵人們充分加以利用。新近公布的統計數字表明,中國的公共圖書館數量在逐年增長。許多圖書館通過翻新和擴建,為讀者創造了更為安靜、舒適的環境。大型公共圖書館不僅提供種類繁多的參考資料,而且定期舉辦講座、展覽等活動。近年來,也出現了許多數字圖書館,從而節省了存放圖書所需的空間。一些圖書館還推出了自助服務系統,使讀者借書還書更加方便,進一步滿足了讀者的需求。

  【譯文】

  Besides paying more attention to public libraries , China also encourages people to make full use of / take good advantage of /fully utilize them。(China is paying more and more attention to public libraries and encouraging people to make full use of them.)(According to the statistics newly released ) / Newly released statistics show that the number of public libraries in China is growing / increasing year by year. Many libraries have created quieter and more comfortable environment for readers through renovation and extension. There’re not only a wide variety of reference materials, but also other activities including lectures and exhibitions regularly held in large public libraries. In recent years, numerous digital libraries have also emerged, thus saving the space needed to store books. Some libraries have also introduced / launched a self-service system that makes it easier for readers to borrow and return books, further satisfying/ meeting the needs /demands of readers.

  1. 中國越來越重視公共圖書館,并鼓勵人們充分加以利用

  重視 pay attention to/attach importance to

  充分利用 make full use of / take good advantage of /fully utilize

  可以處理成并列句 China is paying more and more attention to public libraries and encouraging people to make full use of them.

  或將前半句處理成介賓結構,邏輯上理解“除了重視公共圖書館,中國還鼓勵...”

  Besides paying more attention to public libraries , China also encourages people to make full use of / take good advantage of /fully utilize them。

  2. 新近公布的統計數字表明

  短語形式:According to the statistics newly released ,

  賓語從句:Newly released statistics show that

  3.許多圖書館通過翻新和擴建,為讀者創造了更為安靜、舒適的環境。

  主干:圖書館為讀者創造了更為安靜、舒適的環境

  可用到搭配:provide /create sth for sb

  offer sb sth

  【方式狀語】通過翻新和擴建through/by renovation and expansion 置于句尾

  Many libraries have created a quieter and more comfortable environment for readers throughrenovation and expansion.

  4.大型公共圖書館不僅提供種類繁多的參考資料,而且定期舉辦講座、展覽等活動

  直接以“大型公共圖書館”為主語, 與舉辦講座、展覽,邏輯上有歧義

  可以用There be 句型處理,將大型公共圖書館變成地點狀語,置于句尾。

  種類繁多的a wide variety of

  講座、展覽等活動 暗含包含關系 other activities including lectures and exhibitions

  [定期舉辦的]做(講座、展覽等活動)的定語,表示種被動關系,可以用非謂語 held 后置進行翻譯,即other activities including lectures and exhibitions regularly held

  There’re not only a wide variety of reference materials, but also other activities including lectures and exhibitions regularly held in large public libraries.

  5. 一些圖書館還推出了自助服務系統,使讀者借書還書更加方便,進一步滿足了讀者的需求。

  前兩個分句可以處理成定語從句,后面句賓語(讀者借書還書)較長,可以用it做形式賓語

  滿足了讀者的需求 satisfy/ meet the needs /demands of readers

  Some libraries have also introduced / launched a self-service system that makes it easier for readers to borrow and return books, further satisfying/ meeting the needs /demands of readers.

更多內容請查看【2018年12月英語六級真題答案解析】專題

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