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2018年12月大學英語四級真題答案匯總

2018-12-20 15:37:50 來源:新東方在線

  已經結束的四六級考試不知道大家戰況如何,新東方在線四六級教研室為大家準備了新鮮出爐的四級答案,想快點知道自己考多少分的同學,可以預測一下分數。以下是四級答案匯總。

  一、寫作范文

  Directions: the challenge of starting a career after graduation

  Nowadays, more and more graduates are inclined to start a career after graduation, however, considering the current employment circumstance, it is undoubtedly that setting up a business of their own would be bound to meet quite a lot of challenges.

  To be specific, there proves to be a cruel reality that we cannot ignore that entrepreneurship requires some basic qualifications, including appropriate opportunities, initial capital, social resources and management ability, the majority of which, unfortunately, happens to be the student entrepreneurs’ shortage. In addition, the fiercer competition and mature market inevitably and correspondingly evolve into the emerging handicap to launch a business successfully, which present higher demand for students.

  Therefore, as an undergraduate, in my own view, we should make a rational plan, accumulate related experience and build up a network before starting our own business.

  二、英語四級翻譯真題:手機閱讀

  由于通信網絡的快速發展,中國智能手機用戶數量近年來以驚人度增長。這極大地改變了許多人的閱讀方式。他們現在經常智能手機上看新聞和文章,而不買傳統報刊。大量移動應用程序的開發使人們能用手機讀小說和其他形式的文學作品。因此,紙質書籍的銷售受到了影響。但調查顯示,盡管能手機閱讀市場穩步增長,超半數成年人仍喜歡讀紙質書。

  Due to the rapid development of communication network, the number of Chinese smartphone users has increased at an amazing speed in recent years, which has dramatically changed numerous peoples’ way of reading. Nowadays, they always read news and articles through smartphones instead of buying traditional newspapers. The development of a large number of mobile applications enables people to read novels and other forms of literary works with their phones. Therefore, the sale of paper works has been affected. But the survey reveals that although the smartphone reading market is growing steadily, more than half of the grown-ups still enjoy reading printing books.

  三、閱讀

  今年四級考試在閱讀這個版塊里,總體難度仍然呈較為平穩的發展態勢。無論是選詞填空、長篇閱讀還是仔細閱讀,與在四級課堂上講到的解題技巧都有很高的契合度。

  首先一起來談談選詞填空這個題型。總的來說,考點仍然是課堂上反復跟大家強調的,用我們上課講到的快速解題法則很快能得到正確答案。首先第一步分析選項詞性。今年名詞考2個,動詞考5個,形容詞考1個,副詞2個。如此一來,我們很快把15選1縮小到了最多是7選1,最少的情況是1選1。另外,請注意,名詞通過單復數,動詞通過時態和非謂語動詞還可以進一步縮小范圍。選詞填空答案如下:

  26. F Damage

  27. B associated

  28 .M sources

  29 .D constant

  30 .G described

  31 .E control

  32 .H equals

  33 .K regularly

  34. I exclusively

  35 .O vehicles

  長篇閱讀難度持平,用定位法則快速找定位即可,特別要注意的是題干中只出現的大寫專有名詞、數字、時間、連詞符和只出現過一次的表達。今年的匹配題比較難,少數題干出現了同義替換的現象,大多數還是按照我們說的用到的是類似的表達和詞性的替換。匹配題答案如下:

  36-40 DBGFI 41-45 FCJEG

  36. More than half of the food Americans eat is factory-produced

  37.There is a special program that assigns doctors to give advice to shoppers in food stores.

  38.There is growing evidence from research that food helps patients recover from various illnesses.

  39. A healthy breakfast can be prepared quickly and easily.

  40.Training a patient to prepare healthy fod can change their life.

  41. One food-as-medicine program not only prescribes food for treatment but teaches patientshow to cook it.

  42. Scott is nat keen on cooking food herself thinking it would simply be a waste of time

  43. Diabetes patients are advised to eat more plant-based food

  44.Using food as medicine is no novel idea but the movement is making headway these days.

  45. Americans high rates of various illesses result from the way they eat.

  再來談談仔細閱讀部分。我們在課堂上跟大家反復強調過,四級仔細閱讀的核心在于四個字“精準定位”,今年所涉及到的考點全部是我們之前課程中所涵蓋到的。第一篇的題干中幾乎沒有大寫專有名詞出現,大家需要注意每道題題干中的名詞短語和動賓搭配進行定位。第二篇定位難度不大,但是由于考到的文章主題為AI,定位簡單的基礎上,難點在于定位處和選項的對應。特別要注意的是,今年的51題考到了之前很少考的例證題。仔細閱讀答案如下:

  46. How could california's drought crisis be solved according to some researchers?

  B- By drawing water from the depths of the earth

  47. What can be inferred about extracting water from deep aquifers?

  B - It was not considered worth the expense

  48. What is mentioned as a consequence of extracting water from deep underground?

  A- The sinking of land surface

  49. What does the author say about deep wells?

  D- They provide a steady supply of freshwater

  50 What may happen when deep aquiters are used as water sources?

  C- The cost may go up due to desalination.

  51. What does the author want to show with the example of AlphaGo's victory?

  D- Computers can become highly inelilence

  52. What does the author 'mean by Al machines acting ethically?

  C- They make sensible decisions when facing moral dilemmas.

  53. What is said to be the bigger challenges facing humans in the AI age?

  B- How to ensure that super- intllient AI machines act ethically.

  54. What do we learn about Microsoft's 'chatbot' Taylor?

  A- She could not distinguish good from bad.

  55. What does Eric Schmidt think of artificial intelligence?

  D- It will be here to stay whatever the outcome.

  總而言之,只要大家在考試過程中熟練地運用了之前課堂上學到的解題方法,取得好成績也是順理成章的。

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