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2018年12月英語四級考試聽力部分解析

2018-12-20 11:54:28 來源:新東方在線

2018年12月英語四級真題及答案大匯總
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2018年12月四級英語考試聽力部分解析

新東方在線

  卷一的聽力,就目前拿到的原文材料來看,并無過難情況,題材和文本難度均與往年保持一致水平。

  聽力section解析如下:

  新聞:

  卷一的新聞題一,科技新聞.介紹了科學家將在月球上實現4G信號的覆蓋.考點題一為新聞主旨題,符合新聞開頭出題的原則.第二題新聞細節題考察新聞中“原因“的要素.答案均為原文原詞,難度不大。

  原文和考點句如下.

  News 1

  A device that weighs less than one kilogram is part of a mission that will allow scientists to deliver fourth generation or 4G mobile coverage to the moon in 2019. If successful, the tiny device will provide the moon with its first ever mobile phone network. The lunar network will support high definition streaming of video and data between the moon and earth. The network is part of a mission to the moon. This is a project with the goal of landing the first privately paid for mission to the moon. The 4G mission is set to launch from Cape Canaveral in the United States on a space X Falcon 9 rocket in 2019. Mission to the moon intends to establish and test the first elements of a communications network on the moon. The scientists working on the project opted to build a 4G rather than a fifth generation or 5G network.This is because fifth generation networks are still in testing and trial phases.This means that a 5G network may not yet be stable enough to work on the moon‘s surface

  Question 1:What are scientists planning to do?

  Question 2:Why did scientists choose to set up a 4G network in their mission?

  答案:

  1. C) Set up a mobile phone network on the moon.

  2. A) It is stable.

  新聞題二為社會新聞,講述了在好萊塢密歇根大道上一家廢棄舊商場發生的火災。.考點題一仍然為新聞主旨題,符合新聞開頭出題的原則.第二題新聞細節題。符合我們聽力課上課時提到的時間/數字等信息集中處出題的規律。原文和考點句如下.

  News 2

  It‘s responded to a fire Wednesday night at an abandoned mall in Heywood. The fire was reported at 9:26 pm at an old shopping center on Michigan Avenue near St. Mary’s Church.Six fire engines, two trucks and two chiefs responded to the scene. Crews had the fire under control in about 45 minutes and managed to contain the fire to its point of origin. There were some people inside the building when the fire broke out but there were no reports of any injuries. Fire investigators have responded to the scene but have not yet determined the cause of the fire. Firefighters will remain on the scene until later this morning to ensure that the fire doesn‘t start up again. The shopping mall had not been in use since 2002. In 2014 City Hall developed a plan to knock down the building and replace it with affordable housing.However the plan was dropped due to lack of funds.

  Question 3:What does the news item say about the fire?

  Question4:What had City Hall planned to do?

  答案:

  3. B) No injuries were yet reported.

  4. B) Pull down the deserted shopping mall.

  新聞題三為社會新聞,講述日本由于自然災害土豆產量下降和進口管制,導致土豆價格升高的事件。考點題一仍然為新聞主旨題,但要求考生聽懂“shortage(短缺)”一詞,有一定難度。第二/三題新聞細節題。原文和考點句如下.

  News 3

  Potato chips in Japan are being sold for 6X their normal price.This is after the country‘s main manufacturer stopped sales due to a potato shortage.Storms and floods and its main potato growing region last year caused the worst harvest and more than 3 decades. Local media reports suggest Calbee and its main rival Koike-ya are halting almost 50 products.

  “We don‘t know when we’ll be able to restart”, a company spokesman said. Snack lovers are panic buying and many supermarket shelves are bare. Japanese laws limit the amount of imported potatoes that can be used in Japanese made products. Japan says fear of disease is its main reason to block fresh imports. It still only allows potatoes from selected US states. This is only at certain times and on condition that they are processed at factories based near Japanese ports.

  But global warming has raised the possibility that domestic produce could be seriously affected by rare weather events more often.

  Question 5:What problem is Japan facing?

  Question 6:Why does Japan limit the import of potatoes?

  Question 7:What might affect Japanese domestic produce?

  答案:

  5. D) Insufficient potato supply.

  6. C) It is afraid of the spread of disease.

  對于考生而言,長對話一向是聽懂難度較低的文本。此次兩篇長對話,就文本和聽力音頻難度來看,難度適中。如果大家有好好掌握課上所說的長對話出題原則,找到答案的可能性還是非常大的,關注開頭結尾處,以及中間負責答者的回答。長對話第一篇討論的話題是近年來高頻話題,學習,說話人講解了學習保持專注度的一些方法和技巧。第8/9題選項和原文存在同義詞替換(boring-dull),近義表達替換(writing=take notes)的情況,但第10-11題選項均為原文原詞。

  Conversation 1

  M:Mr.Brown‘s lectures are so boring.

  W: Yes, he is not a very exciting speaker. But the subject is interesting.

  M: During every one of his lectures, I try to listen I really try. But after about 10 minutes my mind begins to wander and I lose concentration. But I see that you seem to be OK. How do you stay focused through the entire hour?

  W: Well,what I do is keep my pen moving.

  M: What do you mean?

  W: It‘s a method of active concentration I read about. One of the most effective ways to concentrate is to write things down. But it has to be done by hand, not typing on a keyboard. You see writing by hand forces you to actually engage with what you’re learning in a more physical way.

  M: Do you review your notes afterwards then?

  W: Sometimes but that‘s not important. My notes may or may not be useful but the point is that by writing down what Mr. Brand says I can follow his line of thinking more easily. In fact, sometimes I draw a little too.

  M:You draw in class and that helps me pay attention?

  W: Yes, honestly it works for me. I just draw little lines and nonsense really. It was also in that article I read.It can keep the mind active, prevent getting bored and help to concentrate.Again the point is to listen hard while keeping the pen moving. If I‘m at home and I need to study what I do is read out loud.It has a similar effect to writing by hand.It helps memorize information in a physical way.

  Question 8. What does the man think of Mr.Brown‘s lectures?

  Question 9. What does the woman do during Mr.Brown‘s lectures?

  Question 10. Why does the woman draw in class?

  Question 11. What does the woman say about reading out loud?

  答案:

  8. C) Dull.

  9. D) She takes notes.

  10. A) It keeps her mind active.

  11. B) It helps her better remember what she learns.

  第二篇長對話則為討論泰姬陵,難度較上一篇而言較低,應是考生在長對話部分的主要得分點。聽題時注意重復出現的信息(princess/crowded)

  Conversation 2

  M: And where is this?

  F :These photos are from the Taj Mahal in India. We went there about ten years ago for our honeymoon.

  M: Was it romantic.

  F: Yeah. The Taj Mahal was a very romantic place. The guide told us there is a famous love story behind this building that all Indians learn in school. I think it was during the 1600 and the princess at that time died while giving birth to her 14th child. The Emperor loved the princess so much and was so sad when she died that he ordered the palace to be built in her honor.

  M:Wow ! That sounds very romantic. It looks amazing.

  F:Yes it‘s gorgeous. It’s also larger in real life than it looks in the photos. The building is very tall and there are gardens in a wall around it all.It‘s all built in this white stone and some walls of the building are decorated with jewels.

  M :It must have been very crowded when you were there.

  F: Yes it‘s a very famous tourist destination. So there are thousands of visitors every day.

  M: Was the rest of India crowded?

  F:Yes,very crowded in many cities. It was sometimes so crowded that it was difficult to walk along the streets especially through busy markets. And there are so many cars. Traffic was terrible but the people were friendly. The culture is amazing and we had a great time.

  M:What about the food?

  F: the Indian food is great. There are lots of different dishes to try and every region has its own special food.

  Question 12. For what purpose did the woman go to India?

  Question 13. Why was the Taj Mahal built?

  Question 14. What does the woman say about the Taj Mahal?

  Question 15 what is the woman‘s impression of Indian cities?

  答案:

  12. A) To spend her honeymoon.

  13. A) In memory of a princess.

  14. D) It has walls decorated with jewels.

  15. B) They are mostly crowded.

  短文:

  聽力考試中難度較大的題型,短文。第一篇是一篇報告,關于美國人對于公共圖書館的觀點和使用情況。文章出自PEW研究中心。話題相對比較嚴肅,部分考生可能存在聽懂的困難,但答案給出方式較為直接,基本為原文原詞直接對應。

  題源文章鏈接:http://www.pewinternet.org/2016/09/09/libraries-2016/

  答案:

  16. C) They provide residents with the resources needed.

  17. B) By inspiring their creativity.

  18. D) Their number increased modestly.

  第二篇為說明文,介紹了熱帶草原貓,出題點遵照了說明文的出題套路:說明對象介紹,特點,人們對于說明對象的觀點或發現。文本難度是三篇中較為簡單的一篇,文本改編自維基百科,這并不是維基百科的文章第一次出現在四六級考試中。2017年6月六級聽力中說明文也來自維基百科。

  題源文章鏈接:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savannah_cat

  Passage Two

  19. C) It is an unusual cross breed.

  20. A) They are as loyal as dogs.

  21. C) They shower with them.

  第三篇文章為議論文,介紹了父母對于孩子教育的重要性。

  出題方式也遵循了我們聽力課堂上總結的規律,大家做題時應關注開頭結尾處,轉折(although,but,however等),因果(because,so,等),強調(especially等)。答案和選項多為同根詞的對應方式,這也是我們上課講過的特征,熟練掌握做題技巧的同學應該會得心應手。24題難度較大,需要考生大意概括理解

  Passage Three

  22. D) Excited but somewhat sad.

  23. A) It starts the moment they are born.

  24. D) Set a good example for them to follow.

  25. B) Their home life.

  Passage 1

  A Pew Research Center survey of more than 1000 Americans conducted in April 2016 finds that Americans continue to express largely positive views about the current state of their local public libraries.For instance around three quarters say that public libraries provide them with the resources they need and 66 percent say the closing of their local public library would have a major impact on their community. Although notably just 33 percent say this would have a major impact on them personally or on their family. A majority of Americans feel libraries are doing a good job of providing a safe place for people to hang out or spend time as well as opening up educational opportunities for people of all ages and roughly half think their libraries contribute a lot to their communities in terms of helping spark creativity among young people and providing a trusted place for people to learn about new technologies. As in past Pew Research Center surveys of library use the April 2016 survey also measured Americans usage of and engagement with libraries. Overall, 53 percent of Americans ages 16 and older have had some interaction with the puppet library in the past year either through an in person visit or using a library Web site. some 48 percent of adults specifically visited a library in the past 12 months.A modest increase from the 44 percent who said that in late 2015.

  Question 16:What do most Americans say about local public libraries?

  Question 17:how can local public libraries benefit young people?

  Question 18:what does the 2016 survey show about adult library users?

  Passage 2

  A Savannah cat is a crossbreed between a domestic cat and a medium-sized wild African cat called the Serval. The unusual cross became popular among breeders at the end of the 1990s. And in 2001, the International Cat Association accepted it as a new registered breed. The savannahs are tall and slim and can weigh up to nine point one kilograms, making them one of the largest breeds of cats that people can own. They have a spotted code similar to that of many types of wild cats and their ears are very large. They are also commonly compared to dogs in their loyalty and can be trained to walk on a lead and to fetch, and often noted characteristic of the Savannah is its jumping ability. They are known to jump on top of doors and high cabinets. Some can leap about2.5 metres high from a standing position. Cats are typically known for being very inquisitive and so are the Savannahs. They often learn how to open doors and cupboards. Many Savannah cats do not fear water and will play with or even dive into water. Some owners even shower with their Savannah Cats,presenting a water bowl to Savannah may also prove a challenge,as some will promptly begin to bat all the water out of the bowl until it is empty using their front paws.

  Question 19. What do we learn about the savannah cat?

  Question 20. What is characteristic of Savannah cats?

  Question 21 What do some people do with their Savannah cats?

  Passage 3

  When children start school for the very 1st time parents often feel a sense of excitement coupled with a touch of sadness at the end of an era.This is the start of a new adventure for children playing and interacting with new friends sharing, taking turns and settling into a new routine.

  But of course,this is not the start of your child‘s education which in fact began at birth. Back then,you would have been your child’s most influential teachers. During this time at home,your child would have learnt more than at any other period in their life. During your child‘s first year in school much time will be spent in learning to read and they need to know that this is fun and worthwhile. your child will naturally copy youso it is important that u are seen reading and enjoying books newspapers and magazines rather than just absorbed in screens. Ultimately an excellent education should be a close partnership between parents and teachers. A child’s year splits fairly neatly into thirds: a 3rd at school, a 3rd asleep and a third awake at home or on holiday.

  Irrespective of the quality of a school a child‘s home life is of key importance. It is the determining factor of their academic success. Ur child may have started on a new journey but ur work is far from finished.

  Question 22 How do parents feel when their children start going to school?

  Question 23 What does the passage say about children‘s education?

  Question 24 What should parents do for the success of their children‘s education?

  Question 25. What does the passage say is the key factor of loinbo’s academic success?

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